Muthuswami Dikshitar - His life and his music

Muthusvami Dikshitar (1775 - 1835) is a towering personality and one of the foremost composers of Indian Classical music. The music of Dikshitar is based on a robust foundation of ideas and concepts that had been formalized over the centuries.

Dikshitar 's monumental compositions are unmatched in terms of scholarly worth and musical richness and they can easily be described as brilliant melodic essays which bring out the essence of various Ragas.

Having lived all over India in places as diverse as Tiruvarur, Manali (near Madras), Varanasi (in North India), Thanjavur and Ettaiyapuram (in the deep South), Dikshitar is often referred to as the "eternal pilgrim". His compositions are often in praise of kshetras or the places of worship that he visited during his travels.

Composed in Sanskrit and drawing upon his reservoir of knowledge of ancient Indian scriptures (e.g. Vedas, Agamas, Puranas, Itihasas and Tantras) these compositions address various kshetras (shrines), using references to traditions common across India. They are packed with information on the worship traditions, structure and space of each specific kshetra.

The musical seriousness of his kritis form an interesting contrast with the easily hummable western folk tunes upon which the nottusvara sahityas are based.

Please follow this  link  to an earlier article on Dikshitar on Templenet.


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